There are many different types of back pain that people experience every day.
It comes in all different forms and causes different levels of pain for everyone.
About 80% of people experience some form of back pain in their life. It is almost unavoidable!
This is why it is important to know what type of pain you are suffering from so that you are able to treat it properly.
There are 6 Most Common Back Injuries
There are many different forms of arthritis that can affect the muscles and joints in your body and cause you pain.
When looking specifically at your back, pain can be felt anywhere; however, it is most common in the lower back because that is where the pressure of your body weight is felt.
Symptoms to look for: spinal stiffness in the morning after getting out of bed, limited range of motion, difficulty bending down or walking, and tenderness when pressure is applied to the affected area of the spine.
2.) Bulging Disc
A bulging disc is commonly found in the lumbar, thoracic, and cervical spine. There are three main circumstances that can cause it.
- Micro trauma: This happens over long periods of time where the cartilage that is found on the outside of the spinal discs are over stretched. This can be caused by poor posture while standing, sitting, and working.
- Sudden Load: This is brought on during traumatic situations, like auto accidents, when sudden forces are exerted throughout the entire body during impact. This results in the tearing of annulus fibers in the spine. If you were involved in an auto accident and are experiencing a high level of pain, click here to learn more about chiropractic care for auto accidents.
- Genetic Factors: Unfortunately, some of us are not born with good spinal strength genes. If you have lesser density of fibrocartilage fibers then you are more susceptible to spinal injury. Factors that can contribute to this are: poor core stability, excess stomach fat, and poor strength in lower limbs.
Symptoms to look for: pain and numbness on one side of your body, pain that worsens at night, with certain movements, after standing or sitting for long periods of time, and walking short distances.
3.) Ruptured / Herniated Disc
When a disc in your spine ruptures, it is because the disc has degenerated from either age or injury.
The structure of the nucleus found in the spine resemble that of a jelly donut, so when pressure is applied to the nucleus, it pushes again the outer ring. This is what causes the pain in your back.
If the pressure does not stop then the jelly-like nucleus may be pushed completely through the discs outer ring, causing the disc to bulge and press on local nerves.
Symptoms to look for: crippling pain, leg pain, nerve pain, numbness in the leg, feet or toes, and sometimes you can hear it when you walk because it sounds like your foot is slapping against the ground.
If you have a sharp pain that started in your lower back and has slowly worked its way down through your rear into the back of your legs then you are most likely dealing with sciatica.
The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in your body and it starts in your lower back and runs down the back of your legs and breaks out into individual nerve roots.
Along with the sharp pain, sciatica also causes tingling, numbness, and weakness of the legs and feet.
There are many different causes of sciatica. To learn more about Sciatica and what causes it click this link.
Symptoms to look for: experiencing tingling, numbness, and weakness in your legs and feet, pain in the back of your leg that is worse when you are sitting, a shooting pain that makes standing up difficult.
Scoliosis is a condition where the spine has an unnatural curve.
When this happens, the unnatural curves of the spine cause it to be unstable and therefore, it may be more susceptible to injuries and dislocation.
Scoliosis can also cause more noticeable symptoms such as: uneven waist, uneven shoulders, one shoulder blade to be more prominent that the other, and one hip is higher than the other.
Scoliosis can be put into 4 different categories due to what is believed to be the cause of the over curvature of the spine:
- Congenital scoliosis: caused by birth defects.
- Neuromuscular scoliosis: caused by diseases such as Cerebral Palsy and Muscular Dystrophy.
- Idiopathic scoliosis: the most common type of Scoliosis, however the cause is still unknown.
- Degenerative scoliosis: caused by the aging of the body and breakdown of bone and soft-tissue.
Symptoms to look for: uneven waist or shoulders, one hip is higher than the other, one should blade is more prominent that the other, and one leg is longer than the other.
A strain in your lower back is the most common cause of back pain.
The lower back has soft tissues that help hold your body upright and give it the ability to support all upper body weight.
When your back is put under too much stress the lower back muscles or soft tissues can be injured. This pain is felt due to a strain that occurs when muscle fibers are stretched or torn.
The stress that is put on your lower back is due to the fact that your back has to perform everyday activities such as moving, twisting and bending.
Symptoms to look for: Sore or tenderness, sudden pain, muscle spasms, stiffness in lower back.
Here are a few treatment techniques that our Greensboro Chiropractors use to heal your back pain.
A Chiropractor will identify the spinal joints that are moving abnormally against your normal range of motion and then work to gradually restore the proper motion and alignment to this area of your back.
They do this by gently stretching the soft tissues and stimulating the nervous system in your back. This technique is used to restore the spine to its normal range of motion.
Flexion-Distraction/ Decompression Manipulation
This technique is used to help treat scoliosis, disc herniation, and joint pains.
Done on a special adjusting table, this procedure distracts and flexes the spine by moving in a rhythmic motion and creating a negative pressure that pulls the herniated or bulging disc back into its proper place in the spine. - this one feels great! :)
Drop Table Technique
This technique requires a specially designed table that patients lay down on.
The table is divided into sections that are able to drop slightly when force is applied to the patients back.
This technique allows for lighter adjustments where patients feel a comfortable vibration throughout the procedure.
These are just three of many different techniques that our back pain Chiropractors use to treat all the different types of back pain.
Please stay tuned for more specific back pain treatments!
If you are dealing with any of these symptoms talked about above you should come in and get them diagnosed today.
Schedule your free consultation by clicking the button below.